Installing Racore Token-Ring Adapters in Windows NT 4.0 Workstations
Support Bulletin: 7070 Rev D
There are numerous ways to install a Windows NT 4.0 Workstation as well as several options to choose from and configure when installing the network adapter. This document contains the instructions on installing and configuring a Racore adapter as part of an original NT 4.0 Workstation installation or when adding an adapter to an existing system. The network section can be added during the original installation or after the workstation has been installed with little difference in the procedure. Due to the many installation options available, this is not a step-by-step guide. The intention of this document is to aid you with the network installation section. This document covers these Racore adapters: M8113, 8114, 8115, 8116, 8117, 8118, 8119, 8134, 8154, 8157.
Before installingWindowNT it is best to have the network adapter installed and tested for functionality using Racore's diagnostics utility, rcpdiags.exe (PCI , PCMCIA Token Ring adapters)or tr16diags.exe (ISA + MCA Token Ring adapters).
Racore Computer Products provides the drivers required by the adapter. Racore Token-Ring Adapter drivers for Windows NT 4.0 include: rcptrnds.sys(PCI, PCMCIA), rtr16nds.sys (ISA+ MCA): The rcptrnds.sys driver works with the 8134, 8154, and 8158 Token Ring adapters. The rtr16nds.sys driver works with the M8115-8119 adapters. These files and related files can be found on the Racore WEB Site.
Additional files related to the rcptrnds.sys driver are:
These files are located in the same directory as the rcptrnds.sys driver on the distribution disk and web site disk image. During the installation the rcptrnds.sys file is copied to the ..\system32\drivers subdirectory. The rcptrnds.dll and the rcptrnds.hlp files are copied to the \system32 subdirectory.
Oemsetup.inf: This file is the first file Windows utilizes when installing the driver. This file contains information on the driver settings and installation parameters.
Rcptrnds.dll: This file is used any time the adapter is configured or reconfigured.
Rcptrnds.doc: This file contains information on adapter configuration settings. A copy of this file is included later in this document.
Rcptrnds.hlp: This fileWindows help file that addresses PCI and PCMCIA adapter installations in Windows NT and Windows 95.
NOTE: The rtr16nds driver's associated files, RTR16NDS.DLL, and OEMSETUP.INF (ISA + MCA adapter) act the same. DISK.ID is required for OEMSETUP.INF v4.34 and earlier.
Intel 80486/33 or higher CPU. Anything less than a Pentium is very taxing on the processor.
120 MB disk space.
12 MB RAM, 16 MB recommended by Microsoft. I have found that 32 megs will lessen the swap to hard drive that can still occur with 16 megs.
CD-ROM to access the Windows
NT CD. The entire installation directory \i386 can be copied
to the hard disk or on a network file server, but access to a
network server is not practical if you are attempting to install
the OS or even just the networking components for the first time
from a server, i.e. no network access - no access to the files.
Keep this in mind when reinstalling an adapter - many related
networking files are removed and will require reinstallation
too, not just the driver file. Unlike Windows95, NT does not
remove the other networking components when the adapter driver
We begin the installation here: Windows NT Setup, step #2
Select "This computer will participate on a network." (selected by default). Additionally, select "Wired to the network:---Your computer is connected to the network by an ISDN Adapter or Network Adapter" (Also selected by default).
TCP/IP (selected by default)
NWLink IPX/SPX Compatible Transport
"Listed below are the services that will be installed by the system"
Network Services: (see network services later in the document for more information on these and other services available to NT).
The next few screens will vary depending on what adapter you are installing and what protocols you have selected. If you do not deselect TCP/IP you will be prompted for TCP/IP protocol network numbers and related DHCP information.
BUS LOCATION WINDOW
If an ISA or PCMCIA card is being installed, a Bus Location is requested. Select the bus type and bus number where the Racore adapter is located.
The options (system dependent)
If you are installing a PCI adapter
the following will appear:
If a PCI adapter is not found, the Bus location window will appear.
Adapter Card Setup Window
5. Adapter card configuration:
The default settings
for the adapter appear now in the "RCPTRNDS Token Ring
Adapter Card Setup" window. The autodetect setting will
work with most computers for all but the Port Address. The cards
ports address must be configured for ISA adapters. The Port address
for PCI adapters must be set to "PCI."
The following table describes the available
options.This information is also available in the readme file,
NOTE: For the M8113, 8114, 8116, 8118 you must insert a Network address. The 8113, 8114 must have the rtr16llc.cod file in the WINNT\SYSTEM32 subdirectory and the card must be set to RAM mode in the system setup (see Racore Adapters: additional notes)..
*TCP/IP Configuration Window
*See the section on Installing TCP/IP for information on configuring TCP/IP.
*Bindings Window -no configuration necessary
*Only appears when reinstalling the network section. "you may use this page to disable network bindings or arrange the order in which this computer binds information on the network."
Show bindings for ALL SERVICES:(other options incluse all protocols, all adapters)
Installation Window -no configuration necessary
"Windows NT is now ready to start the network so that you can complete the installation of networking."
*Network settings change windows -no configuration necessary
*Only appears when the network is removed and reinstalled.
"Select whether your computer will be participating in a workgroup or a domain and enter the name of the workgroup." Enter the workgroup or domain names here. There must be a domain server on the network and you must have certain domain rights before you can join a Windows domain. This Domain is not the same as the DNS Domain Name Service domain. A Windows Domain is a group of computers identified by a domain name for security and administrative purposes.
The last network installation window
"Networking has been installed on the computer."
You will now be prompted to restart the computer for settings to take effect.
This ends the network installation.
Select the PCMCIA bus location type when the Bus Location
screen appears. The default settings that appear in the card
setup window will work in most cases. If the card does not function,
run diagnostics on the adapter and verify that the settings listed
in diags are those used in NT, if not change the settings in
M8113, 8114, 8115 Token-Ring cards:
Add the RTR16LLC.COD file found in the diags subdirectory of the Racore disk to the \system32\drivers subdirectory (it is important that it is located in the same directory as the driver rcptrnds.sys). Set the card to RAM mode, switch 11 open or off on the 8113 adapter, switch 5 off on the 8115 adapter.
To Access NetWare 4 networks:
1. Create an Admin user on the NT workstation (facilitates access to Netware 4 servers as an administrator) and give it administrator group rights.
2. Give Admin the same password as the Admin user has on the NetWare 4 network.
3. Add the client service for NetWare service (CSNW) to the network (located in the control panel).
CSNW provides file and print services. Installing CSNW will
ad NWlink protocol, Microsoft's version of Novell's IPX/SPX protocol,
the default protocol used on NetWare servers.
4. Select "NetWare Logon" and fill in the default
tree and context if you are logging on to NDS. Choose to run
login script if desired.
Step one. DHCP Configuration: The first TCP/IP window asks:
" If there is a DHCP server on your network, TCP/IP can be configured to dynamically provide an IP address. If you are not sure, ask your system administrator. Do you wish to use DHCP?"
DHCP or Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol will assign an IP address to the workstation if there is a DHCP server on your network. DHCP is a service available on an NT 4 Server. This way all the administration of IP addressing is under the control of the DHCP on the server, enabling the IP address to be used only when needed and making more use of IP addresses if you have a limited number. If you do not use DHCP the host must be configured manually as follows.
Step two: Configuring Microsoft TCP/IP properties.
The Adapter (1) Racore Preferred Token Ring Adapter options:
Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server (or)
Specify an IP address
IP Address: Requires a specific address provided by
INIC if you access the internet directly.
Advanced: Advanced settings window allows the addition of more IP addresses, subnetmasks, gateways.
PPTP or Point to Point Tunneling Protocol is part of Microsoft's Virtual Private Networking. VNP creates an additional level of security for a Corporate LAN when accessing the LAN via the Internet. The additional protocol acts as a barrier to normal internet traffic that can flow into a LAN.
Domain Name System (DNS) is a database containing a hierarchical naming system providing name to IP addressing. Configuring DNS information is required if you wish to use domain names to contact remote systems.
Domain: The domain name is your organizations name as identified on the Internet. Example: racore.com
Domain Service Search Order: List the order of priority
for DNS servers that will respond to DNS resolutions.
Domain Suffix search order: The suffix is added to
a short host name to make a fully qualified domain name from
a short name. List the order here.
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) resolves names to IP addresses in a similar manner to DNS. The difference being that WINS can resolve names that do not follow the hierarchical structure required by a DNS server. DNS requires a static configuration of IP addresses. WINS resolves names dynamically.
Primary WINS Server: Input the location of the main
WINS server to access for WINS resolution.
LMHOSTS are basically files the contain mappings of computer names to IP addresses. Each host must have a copy of the file which must be updated whenever a new name is added to the network.
Enable LMHOSTS lookups (selected by default): Use the
LMHOSTS file for name to IP address resolution.
scope ID: The scope id isolates communication to workstations
having the same scope ID.
Routing turns on static routing which is used with 2 network cards performing routing functions. It does not support RIP.
Protocols Available to Windows NT 4.0 Workstation
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, is the default protocol used in Windows NT. TCP/IP is a protocol "suite" that not only connects computers, but networks as well. It is the only protocol that can give you direct access to the internet. It supports SNMP, DHCP, WINS, PPP, PPTP. Its installation is complex. It is the slowest of the available protocols.
NetBEUI: NetBIOS Extended User Interface, uses the NBF transport protocol (IBM).It is a small network protocol. Non-routable, fast, and easy to install. It was the default protocol for Windows in earier version of Windows.
NWLink: Microsoft's implementation of Novell's IPX/SPX protocol stack is used to access Netware networks. NWLink is the Networking component, and IPX is the protocol.
DLC: Data Link Control, is used to access IBM mainframes using terminal emulation programs. It is not an option when installing the network, but can be added in the protocol section later. TCP/IP can be used to connect to mainframes therefore eliminating the need for DLC. DLC is not routeable.
Other Protocol available but not installed by default:
AppleTalk Protocol: AppleTalk protocols are used by Macintosh computers on an AppleTalk network.
PPTP: Point-to Point Tunneling Protocol provides a secure access over the internet to corporate LANS. If you add this protocol you automatically get RAS installed.
Streams Environment: Streams is a UNIX platform driver environment. Enabling streams allows the use of UNIX driver to function on (port to) Windows NT.
The following service are available during network installation. Other services can be added later from the services window of the network control panel icon.
RPC Configuration: RPC or Remote Procecure Calls is a programming interface: A programming interface supplies client server applications with IPC's or Inter Process Communications. In other words, it provides a language that both the server and client can understand. RPC enables the distribution of application workload to several PC's.
NetBIOS Interface: NetBIOS Interface is a programming interface which provides the ability to browse network resources. The interface runs on top of NetBEUI, NetBIOS over NWLink, and NetBIOS over TCP/IP.
Workstation Service: Workstation Service is a redirector. A redirector "redirects" instructions bound internal to the PC out onto the network. The Workstation service provides connectivity, login, and shared resources.
Server Service: The Server Service is another redirector that provides server type resources by controlling shared resources on this computer.
Other Services include:
Microsoft Peer WEB Services: Adds the Internet Service Manager, WWW Service, Samples, Gopher, FTP, and other web tools.
Microsoft TCP/IP Printing: Enables access to UNIX printers using TCP/IP.
Network Monitor Agent: Informs monitor programs on network activity that occurs related to this workstation.
RAS: Remote Access Service - a dial-up service which enables remote access to a LAN.
RCP support for Banyon: Banyon Vines network RCP support.
SAP Agent: Service Advertising Protocol - Enables broadcast advertising of server type services available on the workstation.
Simple TCP/IP Services: Adds character generator, DAtime, Echo, and Quote of the Day services to TCP/IP.
SNMP Service: Enables SNMP or the remote administration of this workstation by a management Agent.